The Russian “Tiles” on postage miniatures 26.08.2015
This time all the four themes of the postage miniatures show ceramictiles created and painted in four places in Russia – in Moscow (19th - 20th centuries), Yaroslavl (17th – 18th centuries), the village of Abramtsevo of the Moscow Region (19th – 20th centuries) and the Gzhel brick factory in the village of Turygino of the Moscow Region (21st century).
There are four stamps on each of the stamp sheets. The images of the tiles are covered with varnish using the technology of selective varnishing, said Natalia Yesenina, an engineer and technologist of the Moscow Printing Factory.
“The stamps were printed with four inks. To use the paper more effectively and to shorten the printing time, we printed all the four themes simultaneously on one sheet. It turned out quite difficult from the point of view of choosing the inks – all the tiles are different, of various palettes, bright and complicated shades. Nevertheless, we chose the inks, and the stamps turned out to be excellent.
H. Betredinova was the artist and designer who created the sketches of the beautiful postage stamps. The stamp face value was 20 roubles. The size was 50 x 50 x 70 mm. they were issued in sheets of 4 (2 x 2) stamps. The stamps were printed in the number of 50 thousand sheets (200 thousand stamps of each kind).
By the way,
The previous issues of the “Applied and Decorative Arts of Russia” series were dedicated to the Russian kerchiefs, lacework and casting. Not only the “Tiles”, but every issue of the series is noted for special printing finishing. The stamps with the images of kerchiefs were offset-printed in four inks, the stamps with lacework were produced with the application of intaglio printing, and casting was imitated with the thermal printing method.
“During the work upon the “Kerchiefs” stamps in 2013, the customers initially wanted to see some additional complicated printing method, for example, Congreve printing or varnishing”, remembers Elena Mishina, an engineer and technologist of the Moscow Printing Factory. “But the sketches were so excellent for reproduction that it was decided not to overload the successful stamps and keep only offset printing in four inks.
On the contrary, “Kasli Casting” and “Lacework” issued in the series before that were noted for the latest things in printing.
The “Kasli Casting” stamp was printed using the thermography method. It is a kind of relief printing helping to impart the perception of metal. Thermography printing is similar to intaglio in on tactile perception. The stamp with the image of Kasli casting printed with such a method imparts the visual image of heavy cast-iron”.
The very first issue of the series were themes with the images of lacework.
“We produced the series using the intaglio printing method; moreover, we printed light, white shades. The white intaglio ink was used against the background of four different colours. It is a very complicated ink, our laboratory and printing shop worked with it for a long time. The thing is that intaglio inks of white shades are not applied for printing. Nevertheless, we managed to achieve a good result. When the stamp is observed through the magnifying glass, there is a complete illusion of real threads, fibers and nodules”.
“Light shades were envisaged for the background, and we were afraid it would be difficult to impart the image with the white ink. Therefore, we prepared a few designs and tried a lot of shades. We printed them all at the printing shop and chose modes. The whole team of a few workshops worked hard upon it; the laboratory contributed a lot of efforts”, said Tatiana Ipatova, Head Technologist of the Moscow Printing Factory.” As a result, I believe we have produced very interesting stamps”.